Professional & Personal Reflection on Advanced Practices  1. Introduction

KB7052 Research Project Page 2 of 3

 

  Suggested Format 3000 word Reflective report  ( this is an example and not mandatory) 

Part 1 
500 – 
750 
words 

Abstract of 
Project 

 Abstract description of project 
 The client and specific requirement  
 Project Aims and Objectives 
 Group roles 
 Outcomes Achieved 

 
Part 2: 
1500 – 
2000 
words 

Research 
Methodologies 
Applied 

 Research methodologies applied 
 Target Audience Learning Styles considered to support your 

outcomes (Cognitive/ Psychomotor) 

 Identified Knowledge transfer skills employed to support 
client’s requirements 

 Processes embedded within your outcomes (online 
collaboration/ Video presenting) 

 New skills learnt or adopted 
 Timeline / overview of key stages  
 Evidence of Teamwork/ Collaboration 
 Engagement with the Industrial Simulation 
 Feedback‐ from client/ academic supervisor ( may wish to 

support this with the minutes from meetings)  
Part 3: 
500 – 
750 
words 

Conclusion  Evaluation of outcomes achieved 
 Skills learnt  
 Impact of Covid on Teaching and Learning (changes/ 

knowledge transfer and the lessons learnt) 
What you will do next: 

 Explore some of the theory and processes to support your final 
dissertation 

 Engagement with client to support their needs 
 SWOT assessment      

 
Ray Elysee  updated 17.5.21 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Project Title: Digital Twin for Water Company Assets

Project Code: Digital Twin A NWL MCE

Client: Northumbrian Water Group (NWG)

Acronyms:
Northumbrian Water Ltd – NWL

Introduction of Project Members

Name: Abhilash Mukherjee
Experience: 8+ years of experience in academics and site
Role: Project Manager
Name: Atif Sikandar Memon
Experience : 2 years of experience in site work
Role: Communication Lead
Name: Tejaswini Gurram
Experience: Seismic analysis graduate project
Role: Researcher

Objectives
Conducting an extensive literature review to establish feasibility and DT applicability for NWL
Drawing lessons and strategy from relevant case study to propose DT infrastructure and application in NWL

Subject

Evidence

Data

Research

Criteria

Knowledge

Conclusion

Method

Case study

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Objectives (contd.)

Proposing a final roadmap and implementation strategy for DT in NWL

Defining and setting out Common Data Environment (CDE) requirements

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Project implementation year

2.The stage of DT implementation
3.Scale of the company

Howden sewage water treatment plant scale
4.Authenticity and availability of data

Concept and planning

Stage 1

Stage 2

Final implementation

Parameters for Case Study Selection

Must be a case study for potable or waste water

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Selected Case Studies

Global Omnium, Valencia (Spain) [2]–[4]

North City Pure Water Facility, San Diego, California (USA) [7], [8]

Project Future City Flow –
Gothenburg sewer network (Sweden) [9]

Comparative case studies on digital twin with respect to NWL
VCS (Denmark) [2]

Canal of Calais (France) [5], [6]

Organisational structure and hierarchy [1]

Potential benefits of DT in water industry [1]- [8]

Case Study Findings – Summary

Case Study Findings – Summary (contd.)
Potential challenges in DT implementation [2], [7], [9], [10]

Harsh Environment
Preventive Maintenance
Alarm
Global Unique Identifier (GUID)
Large data integrity and gaps
Dedicated Cloud server
CDE checks
Large number of data points, format and stakeholders
Organisational structure and dedicated teams
Colorful and intuitive user interface

NWL

GEGGE

GENERAL MANAGER
OPERATION TEAM
TRAINING TEAM
INFORMATION TEAM
BUSINESS ANALYST

Project Manager
Architect
Sensor Data
Collecting Team
Consultancy Team

BIM Manager

Maintenance
Maintenance Team
Inspection Team

Project coordinator
Finance Team
Team leader
Accountant

9**
Design Team
Software experts
BIM Coordinator

BIM Specialist

Organizational Structure In Detail

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Stakeholders Involved In The Implementation Of Digital Twin

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Common Data Environment

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author

Detailed responsibility can be found in the attachment along with other deliverables
Sample Responsibility Matrix

Proposed Roadmap

Images and diagrams courtesy – creative commons and author
Making up a DT core team in NWL (as per recommendations)
Deciding upon the initial asset and scale of DT implementation
Gathering, categorizing and preparing the 2D drawings and data for specific asset
Two-stage open book procurement stage – cost – collaboration (as per GOV.in recommendations)
Training, Planning and designing the project details in collaboration
Establishing the proposed CDE (as per recommended stakeholder relations and CDE framework)
Acquiring the required infrastructure
Unanimous agreement and understanding of responsibility matrix (as per recommendations)
Following all the steps in responsibility matrix for rest of the steps

Recommendations
1
2
3
4

Pilot project requirements, fund, team and available data discussion

Create a separate fund and team as per the responsibility matrix

A site visit to any one of the companies who has already implemented DT

Follow all the steps in the roadmap for cost and quality efficiency

[1] P. Conejos Fuertes, F. Martínez Alzamora, M. Hervás Carot, and J. C. Alonso Campos, ‘Building and exploiting a Digital Twin for the management of drinking water distribution networks’, Urban Water Journal, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 704–713, Sep. 2020, doi: 10.1080/1573062X.2020.1771382.
[2] A. N. Pedersen, M. Borup, A. Brink-Kjær, L. E. Christiansen, and P. S. Mikkelsen, ‘Living and Prototyping Digital Twins for Urban Water Systems: Towards Multi-Purpose Value Creation Using Models and Sensors’, Water, vol. 13, no. 5, p. 592, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.3390/w13050592.
[3] P. Conejos Fuertes, F. Martínez Alzamora, M. Hervás Carot, and J. C. Alonso Campos, ‘Building and exploiting a Digital Twin for the management of drinking water distribution networks’, Urban Water Journal, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 704–713, Sep. 2020, doi: 10.1080/1573062X.2020.1771382.
[4] E. Universitat Politècnica de València, ‘Universitat Politècnica de València’, ing.agua, vol. 18, no. 1, p. ix, Sep. 2014, doi: 10.4995/ia.2014.3293.
[5] R. Ranjbar, E. Duviella, L. Etienne, and J.-M. Maestre, ‘Framework for a digital twin of the Canal of Calais’, Procedia Computer Science, vol. 178, pp. 27–37, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2020.11.004.
[6] M. Callcut, J.-P. Cerceau Agliozzo, L. Varga, and L. McMillan, ‘Digital Twins in Civil Infrastructure Systems’, Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 20, p. 11549, Oct. 2021, doi: 10.3390/su132011549.
[7] J. M. Curl, T. Nading, K. Hegger, A. Barhoumi, and M. Smoczynski, ‘Digital Twins: The Next Generation of Water Treatment Technology’, J Am Water Works Assoc, vol. 111, no. 12, pp. 44–50, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1002/awwa.1413.
[8] M. F. Mesquida, ‘Digital Twin in Water Distribution Networks’, Master’s thesis, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Lisbon, 2021.
[9] B. Valverde-Pérez, ‘Operational digital twins in the urban water sector: case studies’, case studies, p. 17.
[10] J.-D. Therrien, N. Nicolaï, and P. A. Vanrolleghem, ‘A critical review of the data pipeline: how wastewater system operation flows from data to intelligence’, Water Science and Technology, vol. 82, no. 12, pp. 2613–2634, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.2166/wst.2020.393.
References

Thank you!!!
Full length research work and data available upon request, in word/pdf format. Kindly let us know at [email protected]

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1

Project Title: Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation Project Report

Department of Mechanical and Construction Engineering

Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE18ST, United Kingdom

Module Title: MSc Advanced Practice

Module Code: KB7056

Author Name : ARATHI REDDY

Id : W20027842

Business Name

Company/business location

North East

Pity Me, Durham

2

Executive Summary

Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation is a project aimed to determine a range of

power requirements for the environmental remediation solutions that could be implemented at

each CSO. Northumbria University students were tasked to completing the Combined Sewer

Overflow Power Generation, and this report provides them with the information they need to

guarantee that the project is successfully completed and managed. In order to accomplish this,

the report has produced Programs and Schedules that may be implemented to the project based

on the project’s characteristics and the needs of the client. Because of this, the report established

Management of relevant training programs for the project based on the demands of the client,

including the requirement for early project delivery and regular client engagement in the project.

On the basis of this, the Northumbria student recommends the most relevant solutions to be

employed in the project, which it is believed will be most effective in achieving the largest

possible benefit for the client.

3

Introduction

The advanced practices semester will help a lot of things to lean in my upcoming projects and

real-time experiences. Each stage of work is very challenging for me and makes me give the best

output to the client and prove myself as the best. Mainly this semester teach me how to engage

the client and what type of work I have to be present in a real-time project, and how to engage in

the project phases and the engagement of work has expressed below.

How students engaged the work

Stage.1

The Northumbrian pupils showed a high level of enthusiasm for the task. The student’s

determination to do their best was evident in their demeanor and positive attitude, which all

indicated how they were going to approach the job. In order to participate in the project, the

students divided themselves into groups, with each group being assigned a specific aspect of the

work.

Stage.2

Each group was led by a group leader, whose primary responsibility was to ensure that the work

flowed smoothly. Each group was given a specific amount of time in which to complete their

tasks. The goal of establishing a time restriction for completion of the task was to ensure that the

entire project was completed on schedule.

Stage.3

The project manager was responsible for ensuring that the project was presented efficiently and

on time. The students devised four distinct steps for delivering high-quality project presentations

as part of the process of ensuring high-quality project presentation.

The steps are as follows:

 Preparation of a bio

 Project allocation

 Midterm presentation

 Final presentation

4

Step One

Students were expected to prepare data. The preparation of data was a vital

component of the project’s overall success. At this point, students were given the responsibility

of preparing their own data, following which they were divided into groups based on the

information contained in their data forms. Stage one was extremely important since it

necessitated the application of individual knowledge and skills for the students. Many students

attempted to be critical in the application of their own expertise in order to prepare data

throughout the stage one.

Step Second

Project allocation, the advanced groups that had been formed were assigned a project to

work on. It was necessary for the groups to organize themselves in order to work on the project.

It was envisaged that each group would have a group leader as well as distinct positions inside

the group for the purpose of subdivision of work. The group leaders were responsible for

ensuring that all proper procedures were followed within their respective groups. In addition,

they were expected to submit the completed project to their supervisor for review and approval.

The formation of separate groups was necessary in order to ensure that the project was presented

in a professional manner.

Step Three

The students were required to produce a midterm presentation for the client at the third

stage, which was called the midterm presentation. This stage was critical in determining the

direction of the group’s endeavor. The students were obliged to present their project to the client,

after which the client would provide positive feedback on both the project and the students’

presentation abilities. Additionally, the client was required to either give a clear pass for the

continuation of the project or turn down the project and request the students to participate in the

project from the beginning again. Following the presentation of the project and the receipt of

feedback from the client, the group leaders were required to deliver a final presentation to the

group.

5

Step Four

The final and most important stage is the final presentation. At this point, the project’s final

presentation was given to the audience. It was decided that the projects that had passed would

have the opportunity to make a final presentation. This stage signified the conclusion of the

project presentation and the awarding of final grades or an award to the best project. The project

managers and students got heartfelt acclaim for the efforts they put forth to see that the projects

were completed and delivered to the client on time. In addition, the client praised their efforts

because they were collaborative.

About the Client

1Northumbria water is a water-based company to provides water & sewerage services to

northeast locations in England. It was founded in 1989 with a base in Durham city, England. It

occupies almost 9400 km2 urban area which contributes majorly populated rural districts of

Durham and Northumberland.

About the project

The Northumbria Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation project was sponsored by

University of Northumbria water. The primary goal of the client, to determine a range of power

requirements for the environmental remediation solutions that could be implemented at each

CSO (Rizzo et al., 2020). Following the recommendations of this project, in order to fulfill its

objectives of from various sources and Hydro power is a very efficient source of renewable

energy.

1 Northumbria water

6

Source:https://images.app.goo.gl/2HL3AHhArP2vAjBR8

Project Challenges

This document gives a report based on the project Combined Sewer Overflow Power

Generation. Main goal of Combined Sewer Overflow is to Determining a range of power

requirements for the environmental remediation solutions that could be implemented at each

CSO (Botturi et al., 2020). Northumbrian Water has 1500 CSOs within their sewer network.

Combined sewer networks transport sewerage from domestic and industrial facilities as well as

rainwater from streets and pavements. During times of heavy rain, when the flow capacity

within the sewer is likely to be exceeded, CSO’s allow the discharge of raw sewerage into water

courses such as streams and rivers. CSO’s are effectively overflow valves that avoid discharge

of raw sewerage in homes and streets. It was expected of the students to produce plans and

schedules that might be employed in the project, taking into consideration the features of the

project as well as the needs of the client. It was expected that in the report, the students would

describe clear solutions for this project that were suited for client needs, including the need for

early delivery of the project and the necessity for constant client involvement in the project. A

students from Northumbria University people made recommendations for the most appropriate

solutions to be used in the project and for the client ratifications.

7

Project Team: Team Members and Responsible tasks

In total, there are three people on the project team.

ARATHI REDDY: Project Manager (PM),

Each member of the team was responsible for completing a certain assignment. ARATHI

REDDY was to Plan and develop the project ideas, lead the team, Monitor the project progress,

and Evaluate the project Performance.

OMER KHAN: Communication Lead, and

OMER KHAN was to develop the communication plans, Implementing the work

strategies and Barrier between the client and team.

RANGA SAI: Resource Investigator.

RANGA SAI was to Exploring & Reporting Back on ideas, develop the outside sources

and implementing the new sources.

My role in the project

I was hired as a project manager. My responsibilities included Planning and developing

the project ideas, leading the team, Monitoring the project progress, and Evaluating the project.

As a project manager, I make it a point to involve team members in the completion of their tasks.

I was also required tomanage the production of the required deliverables, planning and

monitoring the project, adopting any delegation and use of project assurance roles within agreed

reporting structures and preparing and maintaining project, stage and exception plans as required.

What I learnt from the project stages

Being a member of a student’s team has provided me with numerous opportunities to

learn about communication, leadership, and teamwork. Throughout the course of the project, I

came to realize that communication is essential for any effective collective effort. Because we

were not permitted to consult during the initial stage, it was a little difficult for me. I took my

time to figure out what was needed to be accomplished. The second step was a little less difficult

8

because we were working in groups and were permitted to express our thoughts. I have come to

know that communication is really effective, especially when working in a group. We were able

to create a suitable working environment because of effective communication.

As previously noted, another thing I have learned is the importance of leadership. During

the project group stages, we were given the opportunity to select leaders for each group. The

leaders’ role was to organize and ensure that high-quality work was being done at the group and

individual levels of organization. It was necessary to maintain steady leadership throughout the

stage group project in order for the project to be completed. Many other groups failed to deliver

their project to the client as a result of inadequate leadership on the part of the project team. As a

result, I have learned that effective leadership is essential for every project’s success.

Challenges faced when writing the report

Impact on Communication

Poor communication was one of the challenges that were experienced during the course

of drafting this report. When it comes to teamwork, coordination is not considered a separate

activity; rather, it is referred to as the context of group work in some circles. Communication

should be maintained throughout the project, from the planning stage to the control phase. The

absence of this function will cause the group’s work to change and become ineffective, and the

effect of the interaction between the positions of authority and the work of the team on the

group’s work will be diminished as well. Coordination kicks off all actions in a team’s work and

ensures that they are strong and successful in accomplishing the group’s goals. As a result, there

is greater harmony between individual efforts to attain group objectives.

Conflict Resolution

Conflicts are reduced, disputes are resolved, time is spent, delays are experienced, apathy

is experienced, and other organizational difficulties are encountered. As a result, with the

assistance of communication, the group can reach its objectives more quickly. Additionally,

networking activities aid in the improvement of relationships inside the group. Team leaders

coordinate their efforts with the member, which aids in the development of positive relationships

9

between the two of them (Locke et al., 2013). Coordination is widely regarded as the essence of

cooperative endeavors. When it comes to achieving common goals, it is necessary for a group’s

many features and activities to be harmonized and coordinated. Leaders are unable to bring

together the diverse components of a team into a cohesive whole unless there is effective

communication amongst all members of the team.

Challenges faced when handling Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation project

The project presented a number of difficulties for me, including the selection of team

roles and functions, communication, project document editing, and final presentation, to name a

few examples. Because everyone is proficient in their respective duties and obligations, I am

only experiencing a minor difficulty in assigning roles and responsibilities to the team at this

moment. To get over this, we did a simple thing: we cut out the forms in the group and collected

all of the ideas, following which we decided on the duties and responsibilities of the group.

Communication is the most difficult obstacle in every project’s execution. Because we are all

unfamiliar with this type of culture, editing project documentation presents a significant problem

during the semester of created practices. Initially, we were unsure about how to format various

forms of writings in accordance with the style of the United Kingdom. Everyone in the group, on

the other hand, was quite helpful and assisted one another in preparing texts. Presentation is

another significant issue because, while we initially believe it will be difficult, we eventually

provide an amazing presentation that incorporates all of the client’s features and benefits.

Professional & Personal Reflection on Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation

project

When it comes to project proposals, they are categorized as a sort of language that is

frequently used to streamline the working ties that exist between an institution and its external

partners, according to the International Standardization Organization (Locke et al.,

2013).Whenever it comes to research frameworks, a project is sometimes referred to as a first

phase because it is utilized to develop a project concept and its outcomes, in addition to the

outcomes that the researcher aims to attain as a result of his or her research program. As a

10

general rule, each form of development project should include a list of all the tasks and activities

that will be involved in all of the work, as well as a description of the project vision and a

description of the project’s historical context.

Steps Used in the Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation project

An extensive series of steps were taken in order to Combined Sewer Overflow Power

Generation project including the following:

 First step: Introduction of the project

 Second step: Explaining various concepts in the project

 Third step: Project identification

 Fourth step: The project process

 Fifth step: Delivery of deliverables and the definition of success and criteria

 Sixth step: Outlining the plan and approach

 Seventh step: Installation of the project.

 Eighth step: outlining the schedules

In addition to project specifics such as the facility’s name and its title, a project overview,

a project deadline, and project communications involving anyone who was involved in the

project as a whole were all included in the project details section. This is critical because it

serves as the foundation for carrying out the complete research proposal and obtaining the

resources necessary to carry out the research proposal activities and activities related to the

research proposal. It was necessary to define the problem category in order to identify a broad

issue that the project was attempting to address, as well as the reasons why the issue was deemed

a problem and the reasons why it was necessary to fix the problem in the first place.

In the overview section of the project, the goal linked with this section was to explain the

many factors that drove the project and to indicate the stated objectives (Springer, 2012). The

11

writing in this part is concise and extensive. Why and ‘what’, ‘how’, and the time that would be

spent on the project plan was well outlined. It is at this point when the backdrop of the project is

explained. This included offering short sentences that helped clarify the Project-related issue.

The current situation regarding the issue and the essential reasons why the audience needs to care

about coming up with an effective set of answers was outlined in full (Botturi et al., 2021). One

of the primary goals linked with this section was to provide information on how to construct a

timeline for attaining the solution as well as information on the resources available in other areas.

There was a list of all the deliverables that were expected to be finished after the completion of

the full project, which was provided in relation to the project’s delivery schedule. There was a

guarantee that all deliveries would arrive at their designated time.

It was determined that the project module phase corresponded to the phase of developing

a specific plan for achieving the various types of objectives identified in the project research.

This is frequently referred to as the first phase of a proposal since it specifies a course of action

that has been identified to assist in providing a solution to the problem and helps to ensure that

appropriate research has been conducted before making a choice (Chen et al., 2019). During the

presentation, the approach that was taken was highlighted, and the development of a goal-

oriented approach was discussed. This included putting together some sort of project summary

consisting of a few phrases that demonstrated the broad type of project design strategy used in

the project. This contains details on how the identified team will be successfully formed, the

types of tools that will be used, and how the adjustments will be taken into account during the

performance evaluation process (Ruppelt et al., 2020). This demonstrates how the entire process

will be carried out as well as the seriousness of the research proposal, since it frequently

describes the technique to be employed to ensure the effective implementation of project

outcomes and delivery schedules.

Delivery Description and Success Conditions section assisted with the presentation of a

picture of the numerous types of activities and Attributes linked to delivery, as well as the main

approaches to comprehend how a project works and functions well (Bonnel et al., 2014). Using

a functioning delivery date, as well as a description of what the target project will produce and

12

what customers may expect from it as cloud computing systems that will perform best without

generating inefficient general cloud computing systems, this has been accomplished successfully.

A risk register, which includes a list of risk factors and potential mitigation efforts, is

included in Step 7, Risk Analysis and Management. This section includes an analysis of the

various types of risks and risks that may affect research, as well as a risk register, which includes

a list of risk factors as well as potential mitigation efforts, which must be used to combat the

various types of risks and risks that may affect research. Part of Step 8, which specifies the

Schedules, was devoted to the division of labor and the estimation of time frames, in addition to

the identification of all project deliverables. There was also a presentation of the Project Plan,

which included the division of labor and time projections. A list of all of the actions required for

this project is created, as well as an estimate of the number of hours required to complete each of

them is provided. One of the primary goals linked with this section was to provide information

on how to construct a timeline for attaining the solution as well as information on the resources

available in other areas.

Finally, the installation section was the final stage of the project’s completion. It takes

place after ensuring that all of the steps have been implemented and completed completely.

There was some reworking involved to make the Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation

projectmore interesting, thorough, and appealing. The project also included soliciting any

relevant comments that may be available and ensuring that the proposed concept is well-planned

and visually appealing. This is vital because it allows you to put the finishing touches on the

entire research proposal and ensure that everything is in place, in the proper order, and with a

thorough knowledge.

The goal for Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation project was to Review

methods of electrical power generation at a CSO location: light, kinetic movement of sewerage,

and the project was to conduct research and develop extra materials to supplement the already-

developed training program. Several diagrams were utilized in this part, including Generation of

sewage power diagram and Hydro power and storage diagram (Springer, 2012).

13

Future Focus

Generation of sewage power diagram represents a Hydro power which a very efficient

source of renewable energy. Hydropower systems are very efficient because of the density of

water, the force of gravity and the technological advantages of today. These systems can cover

up to 90% of the energy of water into electric energy, which is an astonishing number. Since

hydro power is fueled by water, it has the advantage of being only used when needed, because it

is easy to control the storage and allowable flow of water into a hydropower system.

14

Conclusion

Combined Sewer Overflow Power Generation project presents a range of electric power

solutions including serving the function of a receiver and collects the wastewater from the

primary treatment unit, allowing the collected wastewater to get purified to some extent thus

allowing non-harmful water to infiltrate into the ground and lastly helping in the recharge of

groundwater. Since hydro power is fueled by water, it has the advantage of being only used when

needed, because it is easy to control the storage and allowable flow of water into a hydropower

system. Hydro power has an advantage over wind power because water is more dense than air, so

collecting the mechanical energy of wind requires a greater force of wind to rotate the turbine

than it would for water in a hydropower system. I manage to gain a great deal of knowledge and

experience. A number of sophisticated processes in the Knowledge Base educate me how to cope

with various types of situations, as well as how to operate in a difficult circumstance. I also

managed to get more insights on how to handle project majorly in groups. Participating in groups

helped me to gain more courage and work perfectly in a group setting.

15

Acknowledgement

I would like to thank Northumbria water for associate with us. And I also thank my team for

making this project a success.

And special thanks to Dr. MOUSA MARZBAND for guiding us as a academic supervisor.

I my warm thanks to John.Arthur, Anne.m.Macdonald & Andrew.Edden to supporting me a

lot in advanced parities semester.

16

References

Bonnel, W. E., Smith, K. V., & ProQuest (Firm). (2014). Proposal writing for nursing capstones

and clinical projects.

Botturi, A., Daneshgar, S., Cordioli, A., Foglia, A., Eusebi, A. L., &Fatone, F. (2020). An

innovative compact system for advanced treatment of combined sewer overflows (CSOs)

discharged into large lakes: Pilot-scale validation. Journal of Environmental

Management, 256, 109937.

Botturi, A., Ozbayram, E. G., Tondera, K., Gilbert, N. I., Rouault, P., Caradot, N., …&Fatone, F.

(2021). Combined sewer overflows: A critical review on best practice and innovative

solutions to mitigate impacts on environment and human health. Critical Reviews in

Environmental Science and Technology, 51(15), 1585-1618.

Chen, S., Qin, H. P., Zheng, Y., & Fu, G. (2019). Spatial variations of pollutants from sewer

interception system overflow. Journal of environmental management, 233, 748-756.

Locke, L. F., Spirduso, W. W., & Silverman, S. J. (2013). Proposals that work: A guide for

planning dissertations and grant proposals.

Luis, F. M., M, D. S. G., & Bernardo, L. M. (2017). Case Study of Innovative Projects

Successful Real Cases

New York: Springer Pub. Co. Denscombe, M. (2012). Research proposals: A practical guide.

Rizzo, A., Tondera, K., Pálfy, T. G., Dittmer, U., Meyer, D., Schreiber, C., …&Masi, F. (2020).

Constructed wetlands for combined sewer overflow treatment: a state-of-the-art

review. Science of the Total Environment, 727, 138618.

Ruppelt, J. P., Tondera, K., Wallace, S. J., Button, M., Pinnekamp, J., & Weber, K. P. (2020).

Assessing the role of microbial communities in the performance of constructed wetlands

used to treat combined sewer overflows. Science of The Total Environment, 736, 139519.

17

Appendices

Appendix.1 Code of Conduct

Social Expectations

As a team we should respect each other and should respect one when they express something and

not interrupt them in between their speech.

Communication

Encourage to work co-operatively and discuss the requirements of further tasks to be completed

further. Summarize meeting and improve skills through effective feedback.

Group Commitment

Being punctual and result oriented. Updating work status and assigning work for further meeting.

Group Cohesion

The members should help each other to solve problems and finish the work on time with

efficiency and provide support to improve their skills.

Values

Maintain a positive attitude and good relationships among teammates. Team members must work

reliably.

Module Title: MSc Advanced Practice

Module Code: KB7056

Author Name : ARATHI REDDY

Id : W20027842

18

Goals

To be result-oriented and transparent in communication. To improve productivity and reach the

goals and requirements on time.

Rules

The team members must be secretive about their project and not reveal any information to others

except the clients and supervisor.

Meeting Comportment

Members must be open to invite the new ideas and must stick to the point (or) agenda of the

meeting.

Decision Making

The group must involve and make decisions together with everyone’s opinion and make sure you

also inform the supervisor about your decision.

Notification

one must update the progress and changes made in the project to notify other team members.

Work

The whole work must be done in unity to achieve the best outcomes.

Details of consequences for non-compliance to the code of conduct

If in case the members are not obeying the rules established they must face the consequences.

Arathi Reddy

( Arathi Reddy)

19

Appendix .2 Project Deliverables

PD-1

P.D-2

20

P.D-3

P.D-4

21

P.D-5

P.D-6

22

P.D-7

P.D-8

23

Appendix.3 Communication plan

Date Time Meeting Agenda Meeting Platform Attendees Meeting Description and Feedback

25-01-2022 1:00-2:00 PM Meeting the team members Campus

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

This was first meeting attended by team

members. Everyone introduced themselves and

discussed the project brief in detail. We divided

the tasks between the members.

28-01-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
meeting with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Project brief was discussed with supervisor and

plan to execute the tasks was defined.

01-02-2022 1:00-2:00 PM regular meeting MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Individual presentation of the ideas about

possible solutions to the project.

03-02-2022 9:00-10:00 PM Regular meeting / updates MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Plan to prepare “personal competence form” and

“code of conduct form” was discussed.

04-02-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
Preparing PPT for kick-off

meeting
Campus

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

In this in-person meeting, presentation for kick-

off meeting was prepared.

07-02-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
Regular meeting/Updates on

tasks
MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Reviewed individual presentations and will

decide which idea to work on as a group and

some key challenges are discussed to further

proceed with the project

24

08-02-2022 12:15-12:45 PM

Preparing PPT for academic

supervisor meeting and new

team member involvement

MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella, Jaya Krishna

Challagolla

Prepared a short presentation containing the

progress of each team member on assigned tasks.

08-02-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
Meeting with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella, Jaya Krishna

Challagolla

Explained the scenario of the project and is key

elements to the new member of the team and

discussed challenges to generate electrical power

through kinetic movement of sewage water and

provided possible solution.

10-02-2022 11:00-12:00 PM
Preparation of presentation for

AP-KL7014 Class
MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared a short presentation containing the

progress of each team member on assigned tasks

for previous weeks.

11-02-2022 11:00-12:00 PM Preparation for kick-off meeting MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Made few changes in the kick-off meeting and all

members rehearsed their parts of this

presentation.

15-02-2022 1:20-2:00PM
Final preparation for kick-off

meeting
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Presented Final client kick off ppt with required

questions to ask the client.

17-02-2022 12:30-4:30 PM
Kick-off meeting with client

(NWL)
On-site

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Visited NWL site for our first meeting with the

client. We had brief tour of their site. Delivered

oralexplanation to the client and showed them

our understanding of project brief.

25

18-02-2022 11:00-12:00 PM
Preparing PPT for academic

supervisor meeting
Campus

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

This regular meeting was arranged to discuss our

progress and prepare a short PPT for our

academic supervisor.

22-02-2022 1:00-2:00 AM
Meeting with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Discussed the progress with academic supervisor

and also discussed the outcomes of first kick-off

meeting with client.

24-02-2022 10:00-10:40 AM
Review meeting with Dr. John

Arthur
Campus

Dr. John Arthur, Arathi

Reddy Balapuram,

Omer Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Progress of the project including client visit,

members participation and teamwork was

discussed with Dr. John Arthur. We were asked

to prepare project plan and Gantt chart in this

meeting.

24-02-2022 10:40-3:00 PM
Preparing Project Plan and

Gantt Chart
Campus

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared a project plan including all the aims,

objectives, and deliverable of this project. A

basic version of Gannt chart was also prepared.

25-02-2022 11:00-12:00 PM
Producing final version of Gantt

Chart
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared the final version of Gannt Chart

including all the tasks dates and dependencies.

01-03-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
meeting with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Discussed the progress on the tasks where we

were struggling.

04-03-2022 1:20-2:00PM Face to face meeting Campus

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Presented our reference paper ideas so implement

new technology to make the plant improve its

efficiency.

26

08-03-2022 1:00-2:00 PM Regular meeting MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Discussed the progress on assigned tasks for each

member and tried to work out the solutions.

11-03-2022 3:30-4:30 PM
Preparation of mid-term review

presentation
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared mid-term review presentation.

15-03-2022 1:00-2:00AM
Preparation of mid-term review

presentation with voice over
MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared a presentation with the voice over of

each member for different sections of PPT.

31-03-2022 3:00-3:40 PM
Mid-term review meeting with

Dr. John Arthur
Campus

Dr. John Arthur, Arathi

Reddy Balapuram,

Omer Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Our progress was reviewed by Dr. John Arthur.

Our mid-term presentation was also reviewed by

him, and we received the feedback to improvise

the presentation.

05-04-2022 1:00-2:15 PM
Preparation of communication

plan
MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared a complete communication plan for the

project from project start time to project closure.

08-04-2022 1:00-2:00 PM Preparation of risk assessment MS Teams

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepared a risk assessment form by listing down

all the possible risks involved in this project with

their possible solutions.

15-04-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
meeting with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Progress of the project for each member’s task

has been discussed in a brief presentation form

and received feedback from supervisor to

improve the work of every team member.

27

19-04-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
Preparation of final review

presentation
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Final presentation for the client will be prepared

containing all the progress, accomplishment, and

deliverables of this project.

22-04-2022 3:00-3:40 PM
Final review meeting with Dr.

John Arthur
Campus

Dr. John Arthur, Arathi

Reddy Balapuram,

Omer Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

In this last meeting with Dr. John Arthur,final

review of our progress and accomplishments will

be done. Final presentation for the client will also

be reviewed and feedback will be used to

improve this PPT.

22-04-2022 1:00-2:00 PM
meeting with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Each member’s progress on the project will be

presented and discussed with the academic

supervisor. The next step will be based on the

feedback and recommendations received.

29-04-2022 1:00-3:00 PM
Preparation of final PPT for AP

KL-7014
Campus

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

Prepare a final presentation for AP-KL7014

containing all the work and objectives achieved

in this project.

03-05-2022 1:00-2:00PM
Fina review with academic

supervisor
MS Teams

Dr. Mousa Marzband,

Arathi Reddy

Balapuram, Omer

Khan, Ranga Sai

Kurella

A proper check with supervisor’s advice to meet

the requirement as per Dr. John Arthur.

28

Appendix.4 Gantt chart

29

Appendix.5 Risk Assessment

Risk Description Possibility Actions to Minimize Risk

1 PROJECT COMPREHENSION

1.1 Blankness in brief
Aims and objectives of project are not clear

and there is lack of clarity in the concept.
Moderate

Have a proper understanding in brief if there is any

confusion make sure you contact the supervisor for clarity.

1.2 Conceptual description
As the project begins, we have tons of ideas

to implement.
Likely

Understanding the key concept and take actions before time

to avoid any effect on the scope of the project.

1.3
No proper time

management

Failure to finish assigned tasks on time as

this will affect the whole team.
Moderate

Plan the structure and make a Gantt chart to have a proper

organisation of work with the list of deliverables along with

the dates to plan the project.

1.4 Unrecognized factors

Most of the elements are not defined at

initial stages and does not cover all the

activities of the project.
Unlikely

Fractionate each task of the project in sub-tasks and make a

list of all these tasks.

2 TEAM MANAGEMENT

2.1
Submissions after

deadlines

According to the schedule, the tasks are not

completed at estimated time in the project

plan.
Moderate

Make sure to manage it among the team and update the

progress with each other of the given tasks and is ready for

submission in time.

2.2
Failure to follow

instructions

The team members do not follow

instructions for the work submission and

communication.
Likely

Following the given guidelines for producing work/tasks,

work files submissions, communication, and meetings.

Make sure to strictly follow the given guidelines for each

and every task during the project.

2.3
Failure to follow

methodology

Not following the defined/correct methods
and approaches for completing the given

tasks in the project.
Likely

Stick to the project plan and objectives; follow the defined
methods for completing each task during the project.

30

2.4 Management issues
Planning, lack of communication,

distribution in tasks.
Likely

Team needs to plan the tasks as a group communication is

really important to meet the deadlines for deliverables and

track the progress of work on each stage.

3 TEAM COMMUNICATION

3.1 Communication
Failure to have a proper chat with team

members, managers, supervisor, and client.
Unlikely

Follow the plan according to the Gantt chart at each stage of

the project then work is not affected due to lack of

communication.

3.2
Misunderstand task

requirements

Deficient client communication will result in

lack of confusion.
Moderate

Communicating with the client to have a clear

understanding of project’s outcomes, study the requirements

from the starting of the project, analyse and discuss with

academic supervisor.

3.3 No update in progress

Not completing the work on given time and

not following the guidelines given by the

university/client.
Moderate

Each team member should complete the given tasks on time

and update the other team members on this so that each

member of the team is aware of the progress of the tasks.

3.4
Failed in communicate

with the client

Failure to communicate with the client

results in insufficient data for measurement

and design of the proposed solution.
Moderate

Write down all the data, requirements, results, and queries

in prior to the meeting with the client so that team have

everything to discuss with the client. In case of delayed

response from the client, discuss these queries with

academic supervisor and make suitable assumptions in

terms of project’s requirements.

3.5

Failure in

communication with

management

Failure to communicate with the project

team and missing important submission

guidelines, meetings, and key information.
Moderate

Constant follow up with the management team through

emails, MS Teams, and face to face meetings to make sure

everything is on track.

4 CLIENT MANAGEMENT

31

4.1

Inadequate

communication with the

client

Inadequate communication with the clients

will lead to the loss of important information

for the project.
Likely

Make presentations to showcase your ideas in the meetings

with the client and ask queries to grab information required

for the project execution. Request AP management team to

get the answers from the client for the important queries

regarding the project

4.2
Sudden changes in

deliverables

Unexpected change of deliverables during

project can lead to failure of deliverables in

proper manner.
Unlikely

Understand and communicate the need behind the change,
document the change, evaluate the change, and understand

the impact in scope and schedule. Consider the implications

and get any change approved, implement, and communicate

to the team.

5 TEAM AND RESOURCES

5.1
Health issues of team

member

Sudden illness of any member might disrupt

the team’s work schedule and have an impact
on the team.

Likely

To avoid the impact of team member not available due to

illness, create a share folder on MS Teams to share the
update on tasks.

5.2
Irresponsible team

member

A group member’s lack of dedication will

result in the project not being completed on

time, as well as disrespect for the efforts of

other team members.

Likely

Members must be committed to the work they are assigned

and complete the tasks before the deadlines. If there are any

delays or change in circumstances, they should inform

others as soon as possible.

5.3 Inadequate skill

A team member’s lack of knowledge of

software and tools will have an impact on the
project’s goal and timelines.

Moderate
Team members need to get knowledge and skills if they use

any software or application for the project.

6 Technical

6.1
Incorrect estimations

for system design

In the event of an incorrect load calculation,

the proposed system’s design would be
inappropriate.

Likely

Proper study and research are needed in required field.

Moreover, discuss these estimations with the academic

supervisor before making any assumptions in the design of
the system.

6.2

Inaccurate

estimations from

programs

Using incorrect estimations design produces

inaccurate results.
Moderate

Discuss the estimations and solutions of the simulation with

academic supervisor to avoid incorrect results in design of

the system.

6.3 No feasible design
If the suggested system will become unstable

and break down.
Unlikely

Proper research for the proposed systems is important to
make the system feasible.

32

Appendix.6 Project Engagement

Project Engagement

33

Appendix.7 SWOT Analysis of our project

Positives Negatives

Internal

External




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