The best literature reviews are not individual summaries of articles; rather, they are a combined synthesis. In scholarly writing, to synthesize means to bring various ideas and pieces of information together. In this “bringing together,” new comparisons are drawn and new meanings derived. So, even though you are reporting on information in four different articles, you are also molding that information into a new and unique story you are telling about the research topic.
For a visual, you might think about each piece of information within a theme as a strand of yarn or rope.  You weave those strands together, put them against each other, twist them, and eventually you come up with a beautiful shape. In the literature review, this “weaving” looks like comparing, contrasting, and analyzing the articles in relationship to one another and the social work profession.
In this Assignment, you write a short literature review on your research topic, keeping the principle of synthesis in mind.
To Prepare:
Review the Learning Resources on writing a literature review. You may also wish to consult the Writing Toolbox in the left navigation of your classroom for additional resources relevant to writing your literature review.
Review the annotated outline you submitted last week and any feedback you have received from your Instructor.
With this feedback in mind, write a 2-page literature review based on your annotated outline.  
By Day 7
Submit a 2-page literature review demonstrating what is known about your topic and any identified gaps. The literature review must include at least four of the peer-reviewed research articles you found. 
At the end of your literature review, write 1 to 2 paragraphs answering the following question:
How will you change, refine, or focus your research question based on your exploration of the literature? Provide justification.
Make sure to include appropriate APA citations and a reference list.
Tenea Lewis
SOCW 6301
Themes in Literature
October 4,2021
Sexual Assaults in Adolescents
One of the most contrasted and hotly contested topics is sexual assault among the adolescents. Therefore, sexual assaults among the adolescents remains a serious problem globally. Research reveals that adolescents aged between 10 and 13 years suffer from sexual related assaults in the United States (Silva et al. 2010). Therefore, more efforts should be geared towards addressing these issues to shelter children from sexual abuse implications. The paper discusses sexual assaults cases in adolescents.
Sexual Abuse and Adolescent’s Self-esteem
Sexual abuse remains a global reality and has implications on adolescence. Okunlola et al. (2020) synthesizes data making a summation to percentages to determines the relationship between sexual abuse among adolescents and their self-esteem. Sexual abuse causes the adolescents to grow up with low self-esteem (Okunlola et al. 2020). Therefore, sexual abuse results have disadvantaged many adolescents.
Reasons Why Sexual Assaults Are Not Reported
Sexual abuse among adolescents is rarely reported due to fear. Most survivors fail to report sexual abuse because of fear and do not see the benefit of saying it (Dordulian Law Group, 2020). Therefore, panic is the underlying reason why sexual assaults are not reported to police.
Emotional Effects of Sexual Assault on Adolescent
There is a relationship between sexual assault and emotional suffering. The article’s author observes that approximately 63% of sexual assault cases are not reported to the police. Most sexual assault victims get affected emotionally therefore, they may suffer stress and depression. Therefore, failure to report sex abuse cases have implications on children’s metal health.
The Vulnerability of Pregnancy of Sexual Abused Children
Most pregnancies among the adolescents results from sexual abuse. Silva et al (2020) observed that 1.3% of pregnancy cases between children aged 10 and 13 are prompted by sexual assault. Additionally, Silva et al (2020) carry out a quantitative study that yields credible data. Therefore, the vulnerability of sexual assault-related pregnancies is increasing due to abuse.
Conclusively, sexual abuse among the adolescents remains a serious topic globally. Research has revealed that most children suffer depression due to sexual abuse. There is a relationship between sexual abuse and low self-esteem among adolescents. Lastly, most cases are never reported due to fear. Therefore, the government should tailor mechanisms of handling sexual abuse among adolescents.
Okunlola, O. B., Odukoya, J. A., & Gesinde, A. M. (2020). Outcomes of sexual abuse on self-esteem among adolescents: A systematic review. Cogent Social Sciences, 7(1), 1856296.
Silva, A. J. C. D., Trindade, R. F. C. D., & Oliveira, L. L. F. D. (2020). Presumption of sexual abuse in children and adolescents: vulnerability of pregnancy before 14 years. Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 73.
Top 10 Reasons People Do Not Report Sexual Abuse. (2020, September 22). Dordulian Law Group.
Why Don’t They Tell? Teens and Sexual Assault Disclosure Why Don’t They Tell? Teens and Sexual Assault Disclosure 1 Teen Sexual Assault. (n.d.).

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