Submit one Microsoft Word file with two full pages of prewriting–one on each story: “Desiree’s Baby” and “Sweetness.” You may choose to “freewrite” or “brainstorm.” Write automatically and quickly–do not refer to the story–simply write after reading the story critically to generate as many ideas as possible.  You need not correct typos since you are writing to generate ideas for yourself. Omit the MLA heading so that you can fill the entire page with your ideas about the story. Use the MLA header to place your last name and page number in the upper right margin.  Do not refer to websites about the story for this activity. Put all references aside and let your mind wonder about each story. Double-space and use a Times New Roman 12 point font.
Review the two following documents to prepare for the prewriting assignment.
 ink to SWEETNESS story :
“Desiree’s Baby”
Name of Student
Name of Professor
“Desiree’s Baby”
Désirée’s Baby’s author, Kate Chopin, brings out racism as the central conflict, illustrating America’s explicit and systematic racism. “My mother, they tell me I am not white…tell them it is not true.” This quote depicts the cruelty of Armand toward Desiree and his slaves due to entrenched ideas of race. Armand’s practice of racism on others is ironic because he has a Black ancestry, an indication of hypocrisy that marks race and gender. Generally, this racism reveals how the racial-based divisions are harsh and arbitrary.
Sweetness Story
Toni Morrison’s Sweetness story revolves around discrimination against blacks in America. Morrison says, ” Lula Ann needed to learn how to behave…Her color is a cross she will always carry.” Lula Ann’s black color threatened Sweetness’s ambition to blend, making Sweetness distance herself from her. This experience implies that a mother’s harshness and racist parenting can make low-esteemed children unconfident because they are not proud of their skin color. Blacks have been conditioned to believe that their color equals ugliness; thus, the outcome is a wish to live up to the white beauty standard.
Chopin, K. Desiree’s Baby.
Morrison, T. (February 2, 2015). Sweetness. The New Yorker.
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Preparation for Essay One
Informal Prewriting Practice: Focus on Part I, 1-2
Due Friday, September 3 in the Pre-writing Submission Folder (one full typed
double-spaced page of Prewriting on each story–two pages total. Fill the page
with prewriting. No formal heading, just a header with your last name and page
number in one file). Note the sample header in the right margin above.
Review the informal outline or tree diagram—your preliminary outline for
essay one is due Tuesday, September 7.

Part I: Prewriting Activities: Focus on freewriting and brainstorming. For
additional invention techniques, you can write any of the others that you
would like.
1. Freewriting: (Automatic writing) Fill a page responding to the topic without
revising or censoring your thoughts. Do not stop writing. Write whatever comes to
your mind as you focus on the subject. Fill one page freewriting on an issue in the
story or on an element of fiction, such as the setting, characters, the conflict
development or plot, or the narrator’s point-of-view.
2. Brainstorming: Create a list of ideas related to the issues or fictional elements in
the story. Like free-writing, include all potential ideas. Do not judge or reject any
ideas related to the topic. Each idea should be a phrase of at least 3-5 words but
does not need to be a complete sentence. You should be writing so quickly that you
have typos. These typos will indicate that you are following directions and writing
quickly, so do not stop to correct them. The automatic technique will enable you to
collect many more ideas.

3. Clustering: (writing and nonlinear drawing)
Write the main topic in the center of the page. List related ideas around the main
idea leaving room to add additional words/ideas to each related topic.
Begin a clustering activity on an issue in either story. Fill all of the space on the page
to keep extending your ideas.

4. Cubing (considering a subject from six points of view) (For a literary analysis use
a subject such as the setting of the story, a central character, or the narrative point
of view)
1. *Describe* it (What images come to your mind? Include colors, shapes,
smells, tastes, and sounds.)
2. *Compare* it (What is it similar to?)
3. *Associate* it (What does it make you think of?)
4. *Analyze* it (Examine it in sections or parts.)
5. *Apply* it (How does it relate to your life or our world?)
6. *Argue* for or against an issue that it addresses.
Complete a Cubing activity on an issue in either of the readings that you prefer to
focus on. Select an issue that you have developed in one of the previous activities.

Nguyen 1
5. Journalistic Questions: Who is the short story about? What happened and what
were the results? When did it happen? Where? Why? How?

After completing the short, informal practices of 3- 5 prewriting activities,
select the two prewriting strategies that you found most productive and
develop a full typed page of writing in response to each of the short stories (2
pages in total). These writing responses will enable you to decide which story
you would like to analyze and to generate ideas to potentially develop your

Part II: Tree Diagram or Preliminary Outline
Write a tentative thesis sentence stating the narrowed topic, your argumentative
claim about that topic and the four subtopics your paper will examine to support
this claim.

Make a chart (use the form posted in Module Two) with your thesis followed by 4
main sub-topics for four paragraphs of the body of your paper. Under each main
topic heading, branch down to four ideas that relate to it. Include a quote from the
story to relate to each main topic.

Submit the document to the Essay One Submission Folder for the informal outline or
tree diagram. Continue to examine your essay one process, the strength of your
thesis, and the four paragraph subtopics you have selected to provide evidence in
support of your thesis.

Preparation for Essay One
Informal Prewriting Practice: Focus on Part I, 1-2
Part II: Tree Diagram or Preliminary Outline

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